�V��)g�B�0�i�W��8#�8wթ��8_�٥ʨQ����Q�j@�&�A)/��g�>'K�� �t�;\�� ӥ$պF�ZUn����(4T�%)뫔�0C&�����Z��i���8��bx��E���B�;�����P���ӓ̹�A�om?�W= Description. Also, most local networks support at least 100 stations, or nodes. On the left side in the green box, we have the customer network that is paying for the services of the WAN service provider. A3: Full form of LAN is Local Area Network, LAN is a group of computers connected to each other in a small area such as office, building. A. Redundant Array of Independent Disks B. Redundant Array of Important Disks C. Random Access of Independent Disks • IP is a standard that defines the manner in which the network layers of two hosts interact. There are two basic issues in local area network design. startxref �ꇆ��n���Q�t�}MA�0�al������S�x ��k�&�^���>�0|>_�'��,�G! On a ‘Local Area Network’ data transfer speeds are higher than WAN and MAN that can extend to a 10.0 Mbps (Ethernet network) and 1.0 Gbps (Gigabit Ethernet). 0000001598 00000 n Metropolitan Area Network (MAN): A metropolitan space network (MAN) could be a network that interconnects users with pc resources in an exceedingly geographic space or region larger than that lined by even an oversized local area network (LAN) however smaller than the realm lined by a wide area network (WAN). . MAN (Metropolitan Area Network) MAN is a computer network that interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or region larger than that covered by a LAN(Local Area Network) but smaller than the area covered by a WAN(Wide Area Network). That is, one network can be connected to another network and be-come a more powerful tool because of the greater resources. In LAN all machines are connected to a single cable. 199 14 It is important to realize that most of the higher level protocols used on LANs are exactly the same protocols that are used in most ‘networks’. 0000000576 00000 n By sending data through the router, all the computers on the local area network could send data across the “Wide Area Network” (or WAN). . trailer This network could be as small as two computers that are connected to each other or large, with thousands of devices connected. xref 0000002047 00000 n When you read about WAN technologies and protocols, there is a lot of terminology you might encounter. Let me walk you through the different items in the picture: 1. 0000003422 00000 n . Before we begin discussing networking with any depth, we must define some common terms that you will see throughout this guide, and in other guides and documentation regarding networking.These terms will be expanded upon in the appropriate sections that follow: 1. . Broadly speaking, there are two types of network configuration, peer-to-peer networks and client/server networks. The term is applied to the interconnection of networks in an exceedingly … Elaine_06_I-5 Ethernet. Introduction. WAN: Wide Area Network. 0 . 0000000016 00000 n . IP addresses are 32 bit long, hierarchical addressing scheme. 0000003644 00000 n 0000002011 00000 n 13.5 Link-State Routing-Update Algorithm. It is used to connect two or more personal computers through a communication medium such as coaxial cable, twisted pair, etc. 2 LAN Components A LAN is a combination of hardware … . They keyword here is “local”. Let’s look at a picture: The picture above is what a WAN solution in general looks like. You take your first step toward networking and data communications exposure, and gain the practical knowledge and skills to become comfortable with basic concepts, technologies, components, and design alternatives. LAN – Local Area Network: A network that spans a small geographic area, such as a single building or buildings close to each other. In a simple way, a Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of computers and other devices that are connected together over a network cables and are all in the same location typically within a single building like an organization or home. Introduction-A network can be defined as a group of computers and other devices connected in some ways so as to be able to exchange data.-Each of the devices on the network can be thought of as a node; each node has a unique address.-Addresses are numeric quantities that are easy for computers to work with, but not for humans to remember. 2y�.-;!���K�Z� ���^�i�"L��0���-�� @8(��r�;q��7�L��y��&�Q��q�4�j���|�9�� MAN – Metropolitan Area Network: A network that can span a geographic area the size of a city. This hands-on Introduction to Networking course will enable you to take a more active part in the discussion and decision-making processes related to networking technology issues. 0000001301 00000 n MAN is larger than a local area network and as its name implies, covers the area of a single city. Approximately all current LANs whether wired or wireless are based on Ethernet. This computer networking PDF walks you through how to build a network that supports application diversity. 802.11 Wireless networks Standards for Interoperable LAN/MAN Security (SILS) (Network Security) 802.10 802.9 Integrated Voice and Data Networks 802.8 Fiber-Optic Technical Advisory Group 802.7 Broadband Technical Advisory Group 802.6 Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) 802.5 Token Ring networks 802.4 A token passing bus This paper discusses 2. First, you will study the basic concepts of networking and Local Area Networks. endstream endobj 200 0 obj<> endobj 201 0 obj<> endobj 202 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 203 0 obj<> endobj 204 0 obj[/ICCBased 210 0 R] endobj 205 0 obj<> endobj 206 0 obj<> endobj 207 0 obj<>stream What is Local Area Network (LAN)? Introduction Support for wireless local area networks (WLANs) in corporate offices and employee’s homes is becoming a necessary activity for networking professionals, requiring new knowledge and training. %PDF-1.4 %���� Elaine_06_I-6 Overview • Ethernet is the most popular LAN technology - large installed base (500 million Ethernet nodes) While some networks limit the number of connected machines, others grow as large as a global wide area network (WAN). A local area network is a high-speed, medium-distance communication system. A WAN spans a large physical distance. A Local Area Network (LAN) is a network that is restricted to smaller physical areas e.g. Local area networks use this low-east, high-speed transmission capabality as the basis for a general-purpose data transfer network. . H���yTSw�oɞ����c [���5la�QIBH�ADED���2�mtFOE�.�c��}���0��8�׎�8G�Ng�����9�w���߽��� �'����0 �֠�J��b� ����KX���4�/ W뻺 First step toward a networking career. Wireless LAN stands for Wireless Local Area Network. 212 0 obj<>stream A LAN is, as the name implies, a local network. The CPE (Customer Premises Equipment)are all … The area between ISP to Military area C. The area surrounded by secured servers D. The area surrounded by the Military 5-3 What is the full form of RAID ? ��w�G� xR^���[�oƜch�g�`>b���$���*~� �:����E���b��~���,m,�-��ݖ,�Y��¬�*�6X�[ݱF�=�3�뭷Y��~dó ���t���i�z�f�6�~`{�v���.�Ng����#{�}�}��������j������c1X6���fm���;'_9 �r�:�8�q�:��˜�O:ϸ8������u��Jq���nv=���M����m����R 4 � Introduction to Wireless LAN. Example: DQDB. Fig 1 gives an example of a network in a school comprising of a local area network or LAN connecting computers with each other, the internet, and various servers. A network must provide connectivity among a set of computers. 3 Network IP Address Logical Address= . MANstands for Metropolitan Area Networks is one of a number of types of networks. The internet is the largest WAN, … 199 0 obj <> endobj sized geographical area over a physical communication channel of moderate data rate.” In short, a LAN is usually a fast small network. . Introduction to Local Area Networks viii Lesson 6 ATM Deployment .....297 ATM in Building and Campus Networks .....298 . Metropolitan Area Networks networks, enabling communication and resource sharing across both net-works. Topics)Use of networks)Network structure ... Local Area Networks (LANs))Small geographic regions (e.g., building(s)))High data rates (10-100 Mbps and up) – Much higher than connection to ISP)Low cost (thousands of dollars))Typically broadcast. WLAN is one in which a mobile user can connect to a Local Area Network (LAN) through a wireless connection. . §!IKHÜñÓÅFÁx‰$ø÷=gw%Û€dÒ–¬½œo¿ó�‹ŞüvÎɬöŞ�¼7ádtée„Á'#œ¥ğ/BÆ™Áÿh‚_w%şè,âv‘ŠÂDJ Gï. In this lesson, I’ll give you a general overview of what LANs (Local Area Network) are. For example, you use TCP/IP on the Internet, and you’d also use it on a LAN. When multiple computers at one location were connected to- gether in a “Local Area Network” (or LAN) using physical wiring, you would connect a router to the local area network. This first course in the 3-course CCNA series introduces architectures, models, protocols, and networking elements – functions needed to support the operations and priorities of Fortune 500 companies to small innovative retailers. a local office, school, or house. . 1. 0000002289 00000 n For example, Chapter 1: Introducing Basic Network Concepts 3 BaseTech / Networking Concepts / team / 223089-4 / Blind Folio 3 . . n�3ܣ�k�Gݯz=��[=��=�B�0FX'�+������t���G�,�}���/���Hh8�m�W�2p[����AiA��N�#8$X�?�A�KHI�{!7�. The purpose of the article is to provide readers with … . . . �x������- �����[��� 0����}��y)7ta�����>j���T�7���@���tܛ�`q�2��ʀ��&���6�Z�L�Ą?�_��yxg)˔z���çL�U���*�u�Sk�Se�O4?׸�c����.� � �� R� ߁��-��2�5������ ��S�>ӣV����d�`r��n~��Y�&�+`��;�A4�� ���A9� =�-�t��l�`;��~p���� �Gp| ��[`L��`� "A�YA�+��Cb(��R�,� *�T�2B-� . . View Notes - Lecture 10 Local Area Network.pdf from CS 2105 at University of Central Punjab, Lahore. The IEEE 802.11 group of standards defines the technologies for wireless LANs. Local-area networks (LANs) send and receive data at rates much faster than can be transmitted over a telephone line; but the distances are limited, often to a few hundred feet maximum without using costly, long-range technologies, such as Long Reach Ethernet (LRE) or wave-division multiplexing (WDM). . 0000002885 00000 n CS2105 Introduction to Computer Networks Lecture 10 Local Area Network 29 October 2018 Link "F$H:R��!z��F�Qd?r9�\A&�G���rQ��h������E��]�a�4z�Bg�����E#H �*B=��0H�I��p�p�0MxJ$�D1��D, V���ĭ����KĻ�Y�dE�"E��I2���E�B�G��t�4MzN�����r!YK� ���?%_&�#���(��0J:EAi��Q�(�()ӔWT6U@���P+���!�~��m���D�e�Դ�!��h�Ӧh/��']B/����ҏӿ�?a0n�hF!��X���8����܌k�c&5S�����6�l��Ia�2c�K�M�A�!�E�#��ƒ�d�V��(�k��e���l ����}�}�C�q�9 Connection: In networking, a connection refers to pieces of related information that are transfered through a network. DEFINITION. Examples: Ethernet, LocalTalk, Token Ring, FDDI, ATM PAN – Personal Area Network. . This project, design and implementation of wireless local area network was written to serve as a reference book for wireless LAN in the future whenever it is desired. ����vi``� �q�[� P��Q)�X�::�0��#���:a�����1�6�� ����� �h&���>F!5�� �8%�e(�� 2� �^ d�hX-�CY� �8����Hs��[*���@�9��nj_vqy->�8�� 'C '�,G0̗����pX.�!�a c3����3���Ҡn��Xbo�B�� cb� 3 Fig 1: Representation of Network in a school. N'��)�].�u�J�r� For most LANs, the maximum distance between two nodes in the network is at least one mile, and the transmission speed ranges from 1 to 20 megabaud. . The area between firewall & connection to an external network B. On the right side, in the blue box, we have the WAN service provider with its hardware. 0000006314 00000 n LOCAL AREA NETWORK(LAN) LAN is a network which is designed to operate over a small physical area such as an office, factory or a group of buildings. <]>> . . Begin preparing for a networking career with this introduction to how networks operate. %%EOF 1.5 Addressing and Packets . x�b```f``���$c@(����������� UhbPd1�&6�~rw�{����g�$������qv|P���f��ɸ�e��z��xX�q�`�cTt�}@I�o��$O�|�̽�.�&��T�R��k��Y@�۠�$�C�N��!�ȡ2�ps�=@�CGsO��z�QdV��9��:�#�gt"��ef��*s�y�\1s��^9ϓ����� v���?�q�9ttR�J����Ւ��`&@��69u�z�գvR4�ȝ�[��: ��R1�`�v�?PG ^ :/d���D����-3�w ����`؄`n�
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